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Dez 01, 2012

32bit wine-prefixes

tl;dr: WINEARCH=win32 creates a 32bit prefix, to confirm check if $WINEPREFIX/drive_c/Program Files (x86) exists

A wine prefix is a directory containing a lot of the files wine needs to simulate a windows installation. The "standard" wine prefix ~/.wine is used whenever you don't specify a different one in the environment variable $WINEPREFIX. Now like a normal windows installation, the environment (e.g. the provided libraries) may be of either 32 or 64-bitness. Wine copies these libraries into the prefix when it is created, so you have to specify the desired bitness at that point, using the $WINEARCH environment variable. To create a 32bit prefix, just execute wine with $WINEPREFIX set, e.g.

WINEARCH=win32 WINEPREFIX=~/.wine_32bit winecfg

Finally, to check what bitness a given prefix has, just check if there is a directory drive_c/Program Files (x86) in the prefix - if there is, it's a 64bit prefix.